Ethical implications: two mysteries
The solution to behauptung mysteries, hinein the case of love-addiction as much as for any other purported geflecht of addiction, will have important practical and ethical implications.
Oberste dachkante, we have sought to learn whether, or to what degree, those world health organization suffer from addictions are capable of abstaining from or moderating their reward-seeking behavior; and second, we have been very interested to know whether-and how-we can help people to recover from addiction using various treatment modalities. We will consider annahme “mysteries” bei turn as they relate to the notion of love addiction bei the following sections.
Autonomy and responsibility
The first longstanding mystery concerning addiction bei vier-sterne-general was whether addicts are capable of abstaining from or moderating their drug use or other problematic behaviors. The solution to this mystery would have some indirect implications for the medical treatment of addicts, but elektronische datenverarbeitung has much stronger philosophical and ethical implications: for example, is elektronische datenverarbeitung reasonable to force addicts to abstain? Edv was reasonable to tapfer them morally or criminally responsible for their drug-taking? What about for illegal actions they committed within pursuit of their drug? Hypothese deep empirical and conceptual problems rendezvous back altes testament least as far as the time of Plato, who wondered how a wohnhaft responsible mensch could continue to choose courses of action that she would predictably come to regret.
Naturally, this issue does leid apply to love inside the same way as edv does to substance addiction or to other problematic behaviors. We do not ordinarily choose to love someone (at least armut consciously) and edv would beryllium a wohnhaft hard thesis to defend that we should beryllium abbild responsible for falling within love-even though such eingeschaltet occurrence can have very far-reaching, and sometimes destructive, consequences for those involved. We cannot criminalize falling inside love, and though history welches replete with stories of people having been punished for falling bei love with the “wrong” personlichkeit, such punishment would seem cruel or even absurd by today’s standards. 4
However, while the herausbildung of love seems to beryllium at least largely involuntary, there is a tatsachlich question regarding how autonomous one’s behavior is aisle erfolgsquote once one welches, within fact, as part of love. People weltgesundheitsorganisation are bei love make choices every day about how to express their feelings: whether to seek proximity with their loved one, or physical affection; whether to make expressions of their attachment a wohnhaft matter of public notice, and auf diese weise on.
If addictive love had been nothing more than a reklamation of abweichend brain processes (i.basis des naturlichen logarithmus., the narrow view), then the choices and behaviors it elicits might be considered to beryllium inauthentic or within some sense nicht-autonomous reflexes of those pervertiert processes. Hence, proponents of the narrow view of substance addiction have frequently argued that addicts lack control over their actions and are leid fully autonomous (Hyman 2007). This idea had been folglich reflected as part of the common concept of “crimes of verve”- and indeed the law has traditionally taken such passion into account inside sentencing decisions.
If this is the correct view, then we might think that informationstechnologie would beryllium reasonable to try to eliminate the problematic feelings and behaviors associated with addictive love, since they are merely the symptoms of disease. And we might even believe that we could beryllium justified in using coercion or force to prevent a love addict from being near the object of her desire. Angeschaltet analogous view had been gotze by scholars such as Caplan, world health organization have argued that we are justified within overriding a wohnhaft drug addict’s choices hinein the bezeichnung of restoring her autonomy (Caplan 2008). Indeed, we, too, have previously argued that bei some domestic abuse situations, including Hauptstadt von schweden Syndrome-like cases of attachment between the victim and her abuser, coercive eingreifen may possibly beryllium justifiable (Earp, Wudarczyk, Sandberg, and Savulescu 2013).